To mark the date of the November Pogrom, Dr. Mark Jones gave a lecture – ‘1923: Hitler’s Breakthrough Year’ – in association with Holocaust Education Ireland, Trinity College Dublin and University College Dublin. The lecture took place on Tuesday 7 November in Trinity College Dublin.
The murder of the Weimar Republic’s foreign minister in western Berlin in the summer of 1922 is understood as a sign of German democracy’s weakness. When it is told it is recalled as a part of the history of the rise of the Nazis. By remembering it this way we also forget that in the days after his murder, just over a decade before Hitler became Chancellor, there was a mass outpouring of support for democracy, condemnation of antisemitism, and sympathy with Rathenau himself.