History Hub


Connecting past and present

Pedro CardimPedro Cardim is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, and Researcher and Board Member at the Portuguese Centre for Global History (CHAM) at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, or New University of Lisbon.

His work focuses on the political and administrative history of Portugal between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, with particular emphasis on the political status of Portuguese territories, territorial expansion in the 16th and 17th centuries in Europe and overseas, political-administrative communication under the authority of the Portuguese Crown, and comparisons between Portuguese and Spanish colonization in America.

He is author and editor of a number of works, including: Portugal unido y separado, published in 2014, D. Afonso VI, co-authored with Ângela Barreto Xavier, published in 2006, and Polycentric Monarchies, co-edited with Tamar Herzog, José Javier Ruíz Ibáñez and Gaetano Sabatini, published in 2012.

From 2012 to 2016, he was Coordinator of the research project Bahia 16-19 – Salvador da Bahia: American, European, and African forging of a colonial capital city, funded by Marie Curie Actions (European Commission) under the International Research Staff Exchange Scheme.

In episode 11 of History Hub’s podcast series – ‘Kingdom, Empire and Plus Ultra: conversations on the history of Portugal and Spain, 1415-1898‘ – Professor Cardim is in conversation with series host Dr Edward Collins. In the episode, which is available to podcast on iTunes and Soundcloud, they discuss the interaction between Portugal and the Spanish Monarchy during the early modern period, concentrating on two coexisting processes. On the one hand, the differentiation between the various political formations within the Iberian Peninsula. On the other, the persistence (and even strengthening) of an ancient sense of belonging to Hispania.

Throughout the early modern period, Portugal and Spain underwent many profound changes, both at the political, religious, economic, and social level. They dramatically expanded their political horizons and became the heads of two global empires. Additionally, both Spain and Portugal developed their own political and administrative apparatuses, as well as their own identity markers (religion, language, literature, etc.).

In parallel, however, the exchanges between all parts of the Iberian Peninsula remained very intense, and the same could be said about the interaction between Spaniards and Portuguese. After the incorporation of Portugal into the Spanish Monarchy, this interaction became even more intense, generating contradictory reactions: stronger sentiments of belonging to the Hispanic world; an increasing fear of loss of Portuguese identity, which would persist until the end of Iberian Union in 1640.

‘The Idea of Hispania: Portugal and the Spanish Monarchy in the 16th and 17th Centuries’ with Professor Pedro Cardim (New University of Lisbon).

Kingdom, Empire and Plus Ultra

This History Hub podcast series features interviews with experts in the areas of Portuguese and Spanish history, from the beginning of the Portuguese discoveries in 1415 to the end of Spanish dominion in America in 1898. The interviews, conducted by historian Dr. Edward Collins, cover a range of topics on the domestic and overseas histories of both nations, which include, among others: the Portuguese explorations of Africa and Asia, Spanish navigation and settlement in America, the church in Portugal and Spain, monarchy and intermarriage in the Iberian kingdoms, natural science and mapping in America, the role of nautical science, Irish historical relations with Portugal and Spain, and imperial competition in Europe and overseas. The interviewees comprise a number of established and renowned academics, as well as up-and-coming researchers from universities and institutions worldwide.

This History Hub series is funded by UCD Seed Funding and supported by UCD School of History. Series editor is Mike Liffey (Real Smart Media).

Download series episodes on iTunes or listen via Soundcloud.


Image: detail from ‘Lisbon em 1619’ showing the arrival of King Philip II (of Portugal) into Lisbon by Ioam Schorquens (1595-1630) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

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