Official Christmas card of Kaiser Wilhelm II sent to Hugh, 5th Earl of Lonsdale in 1903.

Germany before 1914: social reform and British emulation

Britain's commemoration of the First World War must avoid depicting Imperial Germany as a simplified, demonised, or monolithic enemy. To do so brings with it the danger of distorting modern perceptions of Germany as well as misrepresenting Britain's role in the Europe of a century ago.

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